One of the largest costs of poultry farming to a producer is feed. Feed cost consists of approximately 70% of total production costs in poultry farming. As a result of this, farmers are mostly inclined to sourcing cheap feed or cheap quality feed. Cheap feed or raw material ingredients are usually of low quality. Low quality feed pose a challenge of abundance of mycotoxins. Storage conditions of the feed also affect the presence of mycotoxins in the feed.
What are mycotoxins?
- Are naturally occurring toxins produced by certain fungi
- These are secondary metabolites and are toxic to humans and animals
- Produced by certain species of fungus/moulds that contaminate food and feed
- There are abundant types. The major ones are aflatoxins, trichothecanes, zearalenone, ochratoxins and fumonisins.
- The moulds grow on a variety of different crops and foodstuffs including cereals, nuts, spices, dried fruits, apples and coffee beans, often under warm and humid conditions.
All poultry ages are affected by mycotoxins, but the risk can be particularly devastating to less than 14 day old chicks, unless proper risk management is implemented
Why chicks are particularly at risk
The first 11 days of a chick are in both the short and long term because:
- Immune system is not yet developed at this stage. Development of an active immune system is the central foundation of a healthy bird’s life.
- Low mycotoxin doses can combine with environmental stressors. This combination can result in invisible losses, with subclinical effects that include:
- Disruption of gut health
- Greater susceptibility to disease
- More serious immune problems in later life
- Further losses to economic performance
What is the solution to mycotoxin contamination?
With the ability to minimize contamination of feed ingredients (crops and crop residues) being out of the control of the poultry producer, the only most efficient mycotoxin risk control is the use of an efficient Mycotoxin Binder.
A mycotoxin binder is a substance that is added to animal feed in small quantities in order to trap mycotoxins, preventing them from entering the blood stream where they can cause serious harm to your animals
Bupo animal Health has developed products that efficiently counter mycotoxins namely Bupotox and Bupotox Plus.
- A mycotoxin adsorbing agent with sorbent spectrum for Aflatoxin B1, M1 and T-2 toxin.
- A broad spectrum mycotoxin adsorbing feed additive with high affinity for Aflatoxins in ruminants and monogastrics.
- Also has affinity sorbent spectrum for Ochratoxins, Zearalenone, Fumitoxine, T2 toxin and Deoxinivalenol (DON).